Halloween, Where Did It Come From?

(Defiance, OH). Happy Spooky Season DC! IT is that time of the year again. The time where we enjoy apple cider, sweet treats, and scary nights. But have you ever simply asked where this event has came from? Why do people dress up as things that are supposed to be scary, and why is everything pumpkin or apple based? I am here to try and solve some of these mysteries, and I also went around campus and asked a few friends what their thoughts were on Halloween and the origin of it!

According to the History channel, Halloween has roots that date back all the way to the older Europeans! This was back all the way in the eighth century! It surprisingly used to be celebrated on November 1st, not October 31st like we commonly do in America.

This holiday was a chance for them to celebrate a new year, and pay tribute to the dead, because it was the day they believed that those who had died over the year returned to earth on this specific day. Creepy! During this day, they burned crops and dressed up in order to praise the gods, as well as sacrificing animals.

Then, the Romans brought All Saints Day from May 13th to November 1st, from the ideas brought to them by the other Europeans. They also had bonfires, costumes, and sacrifices!

Once brought to America, it started out as neighbors following European traditions, throwing a party, and telling stories of the dead. Then, later during the 19th century, Americans began to dress up, and go from door to door asking for food or money, which is now what is known as trick or treat!

It was not until the 1920’s when the holiday began  to be directed at the younger generation, due to the vandalism and crime by the older generation. This is where the Halloween that we know today came from, where children go door to door, asking for candy, and dressing up as spooky ghouls and ghosts. Another fun fact, Halloween is the most expensive holiday in America, right behind the obvious one, Christmas.

So as I said, I went around campus and was able to ask two people on their thoughts on Halloween, and where it came from. Sophomore Jessi Davis had this to say, “I honestly do not know where Halloween came from, but I love candy so I don’t mind.” Senior Cody Nelson also had this to say, “I feel that Halloween came from South America. I love the holiday because I enjoy candy and the scary movies.”

So there you have it DC. A little background on Halloween and what some of the fellow campus mates think about Halloween. If you have any questions, or any comments about the article, feel free to contact me! Happy Halloween!

Written by Zac Bires

A Letter to the Editor: The US Civil War is Over!

I am 56 years old and never before have I seen more “northerners” flying the Army of Virginia Battle Flag (AKA the most common symbol of the Confederate States of America). My own ancestors fought in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the US Civil War, WWII, and the Korean War to create and maintain the sovereignty of the “United States of America.” That “United” thing is the foundational principle that we must now be taking for granted. We are, by design, a “United” set of states that represent and support the freedom and liberties of ALL citizens. “American” is an inclusive category within which “all men (and women) are created equal.”

The “Confederate Flag” (Army of Virginia Battle Flag), that one used by the Dukes of Hazzard, is not the first (or second) Confederate Flag, but we all must acknowledge that it is the most recognizable symbol of the Confederate States of America. For any Ohioan to embrace that symbol of disunity, segregation, and inhumanity is a slap in the face to all that served to preserve our union. Over 620,000 men lost their lives in the US Civil War and Ohio experienced the 2nd largest number of casualties (behind New York). Way back in elementary school I learned that those Ohio men were killed by soldiers in gray uniforms, fighting to break our union, flying the flag of the Confederacy.

My dad served in the US Navy during both WWII and the Korean War. In the “big one” (WWII) we fought Nazi Germany which most would recognize as the soldiers in the gray uniforms, fighting to overthrow world freedom, flying the flag of the Nazi Party (that one with the swastika on it). We universally recognize the Nazi flag as a symbol of human bloodlust, inhumanity, and hatred, and most people would never consider flying it outside of their home. Yet, some citizens of the Great State of Ohio proudly fly the Confederate Flag in their front yard and state that it is merely an anti-government symbol.

You see, I don’t believe that is the true message that they are seeking to present. I believe that they are both racist and indifferent to local history and civil behavior. On top of that, I think they would rather blame the government for all of their personal problems because it is easier than looking in the mirror and taking any personal responsibility for them.

Here it is, and I really believe that this is not “fake news”. The “Confederate Flag” is a symbol of disunity, racism, ignorance, and self-pity. To say that “the Civil War was not about slavery” is complete and utter nonsense. Each of the seceding states actually documented that the right to maintain the institution of slavery was a primary reason to secede from the United States of America. Over 180,000 Black Americans (many liberated slaves) served in the Civil War (under that other flag, the beautiful one, currently with the 50 stars and 13 stripes).

So, let’s “cut through the crap” and say it like it is. Flying the Confederate Flag in Ohio means that you are insensitive to the feelings of non-whites (and most people actually), ignorant of and/or indifferent to your own history, and would rather wallow in self-pity being a “victim of governmental manipulation” than stepping up to serve as a “self-advocate” to improve your own life.

I am not at all impressed when you fly (or embrace) the Confederate Flag.

Tim Rickabaugh, Professor of Exercise Science

10 Ways to Avoid the Freshman 15

If you are entering your freshman year of college, chances are you’ve heard about the “freshman fifteen”. Beating it can be easy. Here are ten steps to avoid the “freshmen fifteen” WITHOUT counting calories.

1.Avoid eating too much sugar.

Your body uses sugar to operate, but it can only use so much. When your body gets too much sugar it takes the sugar that it can’t use and turns it into fat tissue.

2. Eat 3 meals a day.

Some people think that skipping meals or adding meals and just decreasing the size of the meals can help you maintain/lose weight. They are wrong. Changing the amount of meals you eat per day messes with your metabolism. Ultimately this could lead to weight gain, or diabetes.

3. Just eat healthy.

Eating healthy is always a good choice, it helps your metabolism, body, energy, and even mindset. If you struggle with this, try making meal plans. Money doesn’t have to be an issue, you can find cheap recipes to make at home or the dorms. Here is a link to get you started: http://www.foodnetwork.com/healthy/photos/10-healthy-dinners-for-about-10

4. Avoid snacking throughout the day.

Snacking to hold yourself over until your next meal is good. However, often times when people snack it is out of boredom. Snacking out of boredom or any reason other than hunger can result in weight gain.

5. If you aren’t hungry, don’t eat anything.

Before you go to eat something, think to yourself, “Am I really hungry or just bored/emotional?” This helps because often times you find that the answer to that question is that you aren’t really hungry.

6. Avoid drinking alcohol.

Alcohol slows fat burning. Essentially alcohol makes it harder for your body to burn fat, so after drinking you need to add another workout day to your already busy schedule, in order for it to even out.

7. Drink lots of water.

Drinking a good amount of water not only helps to flush toxins from your system but it also helps you feel full so that you don’t feel the need to overeat or eat when you’re not hungry. Water has plenty more benefits too, including fighting sickness!

8. Exercise regularly.

You will burn calories and you can have fun while doing it! Playing a sport, going for a walk or even a short ab workout, helps you stay fit, healthy and away from the “freshman fifteen”.

9. Develop good sleep patterns.

Lack of sleep causes the metabolism to not function correctly. It can also cause you to make poor health decisions, such as drinking coffee, skipping a workout or sleeping in the middle of the day, causing the next night’s sleep to be off schedule as well, beginning an unhealthy cycle.

10. Hangout with people who maintain a healthy lifestyle.

You will have days when you don’t want to go to the gym or eat healthy or maybe you want to stay out all night at the local bar, developing friendships with people who also have an interest in maintaining a healthy lifestyle will make it easier to resist temptation.

Written by Makenzie Sides

Super Bowl LI in The Hive!

The Super Bowl is upon us once again! This year’s Super Bowl is a bit of an

unexpected one when it comes to one of the teams involved. The Atlanta Falcons have

had one other Super Bowl appearance and they are about to face off against the team

with the most Super Bowl appearances in history, the New England Patriots. The

Patriots have been a part of 4 out of the last 10 Super Bowls, while Atlanta’s only

appearance was in 1999. The big question is; can Atlanta pull out the upset over New

England? While a lot of students will be watching in their dorms and houses,

Falcons and Patriots fans alike are encouraged to come together on Sunday in the Hive for

a watch party! There will be free food and even some raffles and prizes! It’s a great way

for students to come together and enjoy the game. Bring yourself, your friends, stay as

long as you’d like, but be in the Hive at 6:30 on Sunday!

Colleges: Big vs. Small

The way a person perceives their future, where they come from, and what their interests are, all have an effect when picking a school to further their education after high school. Some students see themselves at a big university post graduation, other students enjoy a small town feel and will go to smaller colleges. So what is the difference from a student’s perspective on big and small colleges? I sat down with two students, Meghan Pier and Ely King, to see what they think of big colleges and small colleges, what decisions they have made, and why they made them.

First, I sat down with Meghan Pier, a student at a Division I University.

Q1. What school do you go to?

MP: Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana.

Q2. What year are you?

MP: I just finished my first semester of sophomore year.

Q3. What has been your experience in the classroom?

MP: Intro level classes are large lectures but classes for your major are a lot smaller, they are about 20 people. Sometimes you do feel less inclined to go to classes that are larger lectures because the professors don’t know you and don’t take attendance. There is less 1 on 1 with professors because lectures are so large.

Q4. What has been your experience outside the classroom? What do you do in your free time?

MP: BSU has a lot of different activities around campus. The individual dorm buildings have their own events as well throughout the year like once, my building made toys for the humane society. You can work out at the rec center and there are also concerts on campus. I spend my free time going to bible study and watching Netflix, also attending some campus events.

Q5. What kinds of things are there to do in your college town?

MP: There is a movie theatre, a decent sized mall, farmers market, people hang out at the park along the river, a bowling alley, the Escape Room Game, and the nightlife at the bars for 21 and over students is also very popular.

Q6. What do you imagine a small school is like?

MP: The classes are probably the same size as the classes for our majors, there are probably shorter walks to class, there probably are not as many food options as well. I do feel like there would be better relationships on campus because of the close proximity and you see more of the same people daily. I also feel like relationships with professors would be better.

Overall, Meghan enjoys the atmosphere at Ball State more than she feels like she would at a smaller college because she said she comes from a bigger highschool of about 3,000 students. She looks forward to this coming semester and the years to come!

Next I sat down with Defiance College’s own, Ely King. Ely is a very involved student around campus and really enjoys the atmosphere at DC. Here is what she had to say about her experience at Defiance and how she views a bigger university in comparison.

Q1. What has your experience been inside of the classroom?

EK: Classes are very small, they are definitely more personalized, and there is a lot of 1 on 1 time with the professors. The positive part of the smaller class sizes is that the professor is willing to set the pace of the class at the pace that the students themselves feel comfortable with and professors are very attentive to students individual needs.

Q2. What has been your experience outside of the classroom? How do you spend your time?

EK: I am very involved. A small school allows me to be involved in a collegiate varsity sport, which is softball. I am involved in greek life with APO, service projects, Campus Activity Board, and more. The whole campus community feels more like a family.

Q3. What kinds of things are there to do in your college town?

EK: Ice cream trips, small mall and a movie theatre, small businesses and shops, sporting events, and there is a river and a dam to go visit.

Q4. What do you think your experience would be at a big university?

EK: I don’t think it would be for me, I think I would feel less like a student and more like a number. It wouldn’t be a personalized structure. While there would be more opportunities to do stuff and meet new people, I would have a large group of friends as opposed to a small group of best friends like I do now.

 

There are positives and negatives to all schools, it all just depends on the environment students wish to surround them as they go on to further their education. For me personally, I think Defiance was the right choice for me and for what I am looking for out of my education. Regardless if the school you chose or need to choose is big or small, go out and make memories with the people around you you’ll never forget!

Written by Haleigh Parrish

Tips for Contacting Potential Employers via Email and Phone Call

At this point in the lives of college students, finding internships and working towards a career is very important. Students are learning to be professional, make connections and network, and reach out to potential employers that could determine their future life course. The following are a few tips to make students stand out to potential employers.

Emailing is the most simple form of contacting a business or employer. If you have questions on who it is that should actually be contacted, emailing is an easy way to do that. The email will typically be redirected or replied to with the correct person. But the next steps are crucial in creating a solid email that can get students one step closer to their dream job.

Step 1: Write a clear subject line

According to Business Insider, cold emailing to inquire about a job requires a pretty catchy subject line. It will help the email to stand out among all of the other emails they receive.

Step 2: Address your message to the correct person

Put in the effort to make sure about who it is the email is being sent to. Nothing can give an employer a bad impression like addressing the wrong person. Employers like people who do their research, it bodes well for a potential employee.

Step 3: Talk about what you can provide an employer

Shana Lebowitz from Business Insider says “talk about the value you can provide — for example, ‘would love to share my ideas on increasing sales team productivity.’ Consider what the person you’re emailing cares about and why she would want to read your message.”

Step 4: Customize the email to the individual employer

It is not good to just copy and paste the same general email for every employer. Customize the email and make it look original. An employer can usually tell if it is the same email other employers receive because it will be very generic. Employers are looking for reasons to cut down the number of applications they receive, so they may pick at little mistakes.

Step 5: Don’t copy and paste your resume

Students should attach their resume as a pdf or external document. It is easier to read, the format will be correct, and it looks more professional.

Step 6: Send your email as soon as you can after the job is posted

Lebowitz says it is ideal to send the email within 72 hours of the job posting. It assures that applications will not already be narrowed down by then.

Step 7: Follow up promptly  

Try to follow up after about a week of sending the application, and even include in the email that you plan to follow up in about that time. If the application has a date that it closes, follow up within a week of that date.

Tips for Phone Calls

Calling on the phone can be much different. Some people are very well spoken, and some may not be. This can make calling a potential employer much more difficult. Before calling, the number one tip which may seem obvious is being prepared. A caller must be prepared to answer any questions the employer may ask and also be prepared to ask the employer questions as well. The steps to follow will give students a little more confidence and be a little more prepared to potentially start their future!

Step 1: Know the job

It is very helpful to know the details of the job being inquired about. Being informed and doing research can impress a potential employer and leave a good impression, giving them confidence in you.

Step 2: Write down what you want to say

It is important to write down some important points to be made. They can be informative towards character and personality, or they can just be facts researched about the company to prove the knowledgeability of the job. Just make sure to not sound like the conversation is completely scripted.

Step 3: Set yourself up

Find a quiet room where interruptions will be very limited if not non existent. Try and use a landline to ensure the call will not drop. Josie Chun from Career FAQs says to remember that “it’s also important not to chew gum, eat or drink while talking, but have a glass of water on hand in case your mouth gets dry.”

Step 4: Don’t forget the niceties

Ask first to make sure you are speaking to the right person. Once that is addressed, ask if it is a convenient time to call and if not, ask when to call back. Jot notes down in order to prepare questions for the employer. At the end of the call, always thank them for their time.

Step 5: Keep a record

Chun also says “keep a record of all the calls you make – note the date, who you spoke to and what you discussed.”

Step 6: Follow up

Just like with emailing, always follow up the call. Follow up the call with an email, thanking them again for their time, and attach a resume and cover letter in the email as well.

Putting yourself out there is never an easy thing to do in any context. But it is very important in order to attain the life you have planned for yourself. Both methods of contact are just a small step on the path to bigger and better things in the future. Taking the first step towards the future is never an easy thing, and it does take courage, but following these steps can make things just a bit easier for students who may not know where exactly to start. Be bold and start your future, because eventually the future is going to be happening, and you never want to look back and regret the times you decided to play it safe and not reach towards your dream opportunities.

Written by Haleigh Parrish

17 Inches: The Culture of DCSB

How wide was home plate when you played teeball as a little kid? How wide was it in middle
school? High school? College? What about the major leagues?

17 inches.

To the rest of the baseball/softball world, 17 inches is home plate or the difference between a ball
and a strike, a walk or a strikeout. But to the Defiance College Softball team, 17 inches means
doing what it takes to win ball games, on and off the field, within the 17 inches of the plate. In a
game, you only get 17 inches and that 17 inches stays the same every game, every practice.
To the Defiance College Softball team, 17 inches means more than just the width of the plate. 17
inches means running through the line. 17 inches means laying your glove down the right way.
17 inches means waking up at 3:45 in the morning to practice at 4:30 A.M. 17 inches is running
for forty minutes before touching a bat or a ball. 17 inches is a dry season. 17 inches is hours
spent in the library. 17 inches means curfew at 11 P.M. on game nights. 17 inches means
replacing “have to” with “get to”.

To outsiders looking in, DCSB and the members of it could look crazy. Outsiders don’t seem to
understand or appreciate the time and commitment that the girls of DCSB give to the sport of
softball. To some, it’s crazy to be a part of the softball team at Defiance College.
But to us, 17 inches is a promise. A promise to do things the right way. A promise to support our
teammates. A promise to be a part of the family. A promise to go the extra mile in the off season.
To DCSB, 17 inches is a promise to do whatever it takes to be one of the top four teams in the
HCAC this year. 17 inches means that We Will Go.

Written by Jordan Osborne